“No” is a really fun word to say, especially for a toddler who is still exploring his boundaries and learning how to interact with the world. Can he influence a situation just by using this one syllable? How could he resist finding out? If you’re living with an adorable, but contrary, toddler, he might not want to do what you say that often, but you can still look out for signs of receptive language learning.
Learning receptive language means being able to understand the words, actions, and different forms of communication used to communicate with him, and you may have already noticed signs of this in Baby. If you tell him to wave goodbye, and he does, you know that he understood what you said!
Of course, this could be a combination of understanding your words and understanding different visual cues and routines, which are all part of learning receptive language. If you usually ask Baby to wave goodbye when you leave somewhere and wave your own hand as an example, Baby might put those clues together even if he doesn&;t necessarily understand the words you’re saying. As Baby gets older, he will rely less on context clues like this because he will better understand your actual language.
This year is going to be pretty exciting in terms of receptive language development for Baby! You’ll start to notice more signs that he understands what you’re saying, and communication between you two will expand in a lot of ways. The most obvious sign of receptive language learning will be that Baby can respond to the things you say in a way that makes sense. “Yes” or “no” questions can be tricky because Baby can easily give you a sensible answer without necessarily understanding your question, so open-ended questions and requests tend to work better as ways to tell if he understands you. You may also notice Baby‘s observations about the world around him – things you might not necessarily have taught him that he has picked up anyway, like announcing the names of objects.
Requests (like asking Baby to bring you something) often work well at this age because your toddler will probably either do what you ask or refuse to do it, still indicating that he can understand your meaning. Simple requests with one element (“Could you grab that blanket for me?”) or requests with clearly defined steps (“Can you put your toy away first and then choose a book?”) can work really well.
If you do make a request or ask a question that doesn’t provoke the response you’re expecting, it still doesn’t always mean Baby didn’t understand you. You can look for visual cues to see signs of receptive language. For instance, if it’s a request he doesn&;t want to do, he might shake his head or dive deeper into whatever activity is currently occupying him.
It’s also possible that Baby can understand you but doesn’t know quite how to respond. He might string a few words together that don’t make sense or speak gibberish with a lot of confidence. When you do recognize a word or a semblance of a word, you can enocurage him by repeating it back to him correctly and prompting him to get his full thought out.
You can help improve Baby‘s receptive language skills by encouraging him to talk to you, naming things around your home, explaining things in different ways at different times, reading picture books, and playing games like Simon Says. Receptive language skills are going to be important when Baby plays with other children and eventually starts school, so it’s great to work on language learning early!
- T. Berry Brazelton, Joshua D. Sparrow. Touchpoints. De Capo Press. 2006. Print.
- “Receptive Language (understanding words and language).” Kid Sense. Kid Sense Child Development Corporation. 2017. https://childdevelopment.com.au/areas-of-concern/using-language/receptive-language-understanding-words-and-language/