Even though nightmares are common, that doesn’t make them any less scary. When Baby wakes up from a nightmare he will probably be pretty spooked. The good news is that with a little bit of work, you’ll be able to reassure Baby that he is safe and that everything is going to be okay.
You probably get scary dreams from time to time, so you know that even adults can have a hard time waking up from them. Unfortunately, they’re also difficult to prevent. The best thing you can do is respond quickly and empathetically when Baby wakes up from a nightmare, and if he keeps having them, it’s time to come up with ways to try and improve his sleep and decrease bad dreams.
The exact cause of nightmares is unknown, but parents can sometimes figure out certain things that trigger their child’s scary dreams. For example, scary dreams might happen when a child goes through a life change, feels stressed, or after he reads or sees something scary in a book or movie.
You might notice some continuing, real-life themes in Baby‘s dreams. While Baby sleeps, his brain gets a chance to explore thoughts and situations that don’t come up in regular daily life. As he grows and his imagination gets better, his dreams become more vivid and realistic.
To the rescue!
As soon as you notice Baby having a bad dream, go to him and start comforting him. If Baby needs to cry or scream, let him, but reassure him that he is safe and protected, that nothing will happen to him, that he was having a bad dream, and that you’ll stay until he feels safe.
Physical touch is important, too; it’s really reassuring for children to be held by their parents after a nightmare.
Dream team: preventing future nightmares
If Baby has been having some scary dreams as of late, these tactics may help him start to sleep a little more peacefully.
- Bedtime routine: Routines can be comforting for toddlers, and if your family’s routine has been a little disturbed or disorganized lately, it may be time to reset it to something more predictable. Set a regular time for bed, and help Baby get into the habit of winding down for sleep before closing his eyes or trying to drift off, so that when he does sleep, he is calm and relaxed.
- A night light: If the dark scares Baby, he may be falling asleep feeling afraid and unsettled. By putting a small light in Baby‘s room so that he isn&;t completely in the dark at night, you can help to reassure him while still keeping the dim lighting in the room that encourages sleep. Leaving his bedroom door open, with a light on in the hall, can have the same effect, as well as reminding Baby that you’re nearby.
- Less scary stuff: Now that Baby is old enough to understand media a little better, it may start to have a stronger effect on him. If Baby has been exposed to scary movies and books recently, switching out the scary movies and books and replacing them with gentler stuff could help limit the scary images in his mind that his brain has to draw on in dreams.
- Comfort object: A blanket, stuffed animal, or favorite toy can all serve as comfort objects for Baby; he will be able to focus on the comfort object instead of the thoughts that are making him feel afraid.
- Check-ins: Agree to check up on Baby a few times at night. Obviously, you don’t want to make it so that Baby is completely dependent on you checking up multiple times in the night, but agreeing to check in after he goes to bed might help him fall asleep faster.
- Rewards: Now that Baby is older, and more able to understand ideas like delayed gratification, you can set up a system where Baby gets stars or stickers on nights when he is able to fall asleep without your help. After a certain number of stars or stickers, reward him with a treat or gift.
Processing and self-soothing
In the daytime, talk about Baby‘s dreams with him. By asking what his dream was about, and reassuring Baby that in real life, everything would be okay, you’re giving him a chance to tap into the various fears that formed the basis for his nightmares. Bringing the specific worries or fears to light will make them a lot less scary next time Baby thinks about them.
- “Nightmares.” KidsHealth. The Nemours Foundation, Jul 2013. Available at http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/nightmare.html#.
- “Children and Bedtime Fears and Nightmares.” SleepFoundation. National Sleep Foundation, Jun 2010. Available at https://sleepfoundation.org/ask-the-expert/children-and-bedtime-fears-and-nightmares.
- “Using Objects to Reduce Anxiety.” HealthyPlace. Healthy Place, Nov 2014. Available at https://www.healthyplace.com/blogs/anxiety-schmanxiety/2014/11/using-objects-to-reduce-anxiety/.