Be physically active
Many studies have shown that physical activity is linked with lower breast cancer risk. The American Cancer Society recommends that adults get at least 150 to 300 minutes of moderate-intensity or 75 to 150 minutes of vigorous-intensity activity each week. A combination of these activities spread throughout the week would be ideal.
Avoid or limit alcohol
Alcohol increases risk of breast cancer. Even drinking small amounts of alcohol has been linked with an increase in risk. It is best not to drink alcohol at all. For women who do drink, they should have no more than 1 alcoholic drink a day. A drink is 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof distilled spirits (hard liquor).
Breastfeed if possible
Mothers who breastfed are less likely to get breast cancer. Mothers who breastfed for a lifetime total of more than two years get the most benefit.
Limit hormone therapy
Postmenopausal hormone therapy can increase the risk of breast cancer. If you must take hormones to manage menopausal symptoms, try to use the lowest dose that works for you and for the shortest time.
Know and explore your options
If breast cancer runs in your family, talk to your doctor about considering genetic counseling and testing. Testing will show if you have an inherited gene mutation that increases your risk of breast cancer. If genetic test results show you a gene mutation, you can consider drugs that can lower your risk or surgery.
Reviewed by the Ovia Health Clinical Team